Y-2, a CTLA-4/B7 inhibition peptide
Three letter code
Peptide Purity (HPLC)
Y2 is a helix-loop-helix (HLH) peptide, which is an alternative option for the inhibition of specific protein interactions. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4) downregulates immune responses of cytotoxic T-cells by interaction with B7-1, a co-stimulatory molecule expressed on antigen presenting cells (APCs). Y2 may potentially binds to CTLA4, inhibiting the CTLA-4/B7-1 interaction and inducing immune stimulatory activity.
Normally, this peptide will be delivered in lyophilized form and should be stored in a freezer at or below -20 °C. For more details, please refer to the manual:Handling and Storage of Synthetic Peptides
Ramanayake Mudiyanselage TMR, Michigami M, Ye Z, et al. An Immune-Stimulatory Helix-Loop-Helix Peptide: Selective Inhibition of CTLA-4-B7 Interaction [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jan 8].u00a0ACS Chem Biol. 2020;10.1021/acschembio.9b00743. doi:10.1021/acschembio.9b00743
About TFA salt
Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) is a strong acid, which is commonly used to cleave synthesized peptides from solid-phase resins and is also used to improve HPLC performance in the peptide purification step. By default, custom peptides are delivered as lyophilized TFA salts, and can contain as much as 10-45% TFA.
TFA in custom peptides can cause inexplicable discrepancies in subsequent assay data. For instance, TFA in nM concentrations has been shown to interfere with cellular assays, inhibiting cellular proliferation in some instances, and increasing cell viability in others . It has also been found to be an unintended allosteric modulator of the glycine receptor, GlyR.
TFA Removal Service is recommended for:
- Peptides that will be used in cellular assays
- Peptides that will be used as APIs or in manufactured products
- For hydrophilic peptides containing numerous basic residues
- Analysed Sequence:Acetylation-CAWGLAILEGELAWLEGGGGGGGQLADLKRQLAWLKQAC-Amidation
- Chemical Formula:C183H287N51O51S2
- Sequence length:39
- Extinction coefficient:17070 M-1cm-1
- Mw average:4081.66
- Theoretical pI:4.65
- Data Source:Peptide Property Calculator
GRAVY = grand average of hydropathy
X: Hydrophobic uncharged residues, like F I L M V W A and P
X: Basic residues, like R K H
X: Acidic residues, like D E
X: Polar uncharged residues, like G S T C N Q and Y
Related Products / Services
• Peptide Services: NovoPro's peptide synthesis services include standard chemical peptide synthesis, peptide modification, peptide libraries, and recombinant peptide expression.
• Standard Peptide Synthesis: NovoPro offers quality peptides at the most competitive prices in the industry, starting at $3.20 per amino acid. NovoPro provides PepBox – Automatic Quote Tool for online price calculation.
• Peptide Modifications: NovoPro offers a wide range of peptide modification services including isotope labeling (2H, 15N, and 13C), multiple disulfide bonds, multiple phosphorylations, KLH, BSA, ovalbumin, amidation, acetylation, biotin, FITC, etc.
Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"