• Prokineticin 2 (PK2) Isoform 2 (82-108) (Human) peptide

Prokineticin 2 (PK2) Isoform 2 (82-108) (Human) peptide

Not For Human Use, Lab Use Only.

Cat.#: 318954

Optional Service: TFA RemovalWhat's this?

Special Price 193.3 USD

Availability: 3 weeks
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Product Information

  • Product Name
    Prokineticin 2 (PK2) Isoform 2 (82-108) (Human) peptide
  • Documents
  • Quantity/Unit
    1 Vial
  • Sequence
  • Three letter code
  • Length (aa)
  • Peptide Purity (HPLC)
  • Molecular Formula
  • Molecular Weight
  • Source
  • Additional Information
    Prokineticin 2 (PK2) is a hypothalamic neuropeptide expressed in central nervous system areas known to be involved in food intake. We therefore hypothesized that PK2 plays a role in energy homeostasis. Hypothalamic PK2 expression was reduced by fasting. ICV administration of PK2 to rats potently inhibited food intake, whereas anti-PK2 antibody increased food intake, suggesting that PK2 is an anorectic neuropeptide. ICV administration of PK2 increased c-fos expression in proopiomelanocortin neurons of the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus. In keeping with this, PK2 administration into the ARC reduced food intake and PK2 increased the release of α-melanocyte–stimulating hormone (α-MSH) from ex vivo hypothalamic explants. In addition, ICV coadministration of the α-MSH antagonist agouti-related peptide blocked the anorexigenic effects of PK2. Chronic peripheral administration of PK2 reduced food and body weight in lean and obese mice.
  • Storage Guidelines
    Normally, this peptide will be delivered in lyophilized form and should be stored in a freezer at or below -20 °C. For more details, please refer to the manual:Handling and Storage of Synthetic Peptides
  • References
    • Gardiner JV, Bataveljic A, Patel NA, Bewick GA, Roy D, Campbell D, Greenwood HC, Murphy KG, Hameed S, Jethwa PH, Ebling FJ, Vickers SP, Cheetham S, Ghatei MA, Bloom SR, Dhillo WS. Prokineticin 2 is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that potently inhibits food intake. Diabetes. 2010 Feb;59(2):397-406. doi: 10.2337/db09-1198. Epub 2009 Nov 23. PMID: 19933997; PMCID: PMC2809973.
  • About TFA salt

    Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) is a strong acid, which is commonly used to cleave synthesized peptides from solid-phase resins and is also used to improve HPLC performance in the peptide purification step. By default, custom peptides are delivered as lyophilized TFA salts, and can contain as much as 10-45% TFA.

    TFA in custom peptides can cause inexplicable discrepancies in subsequent assay data. For instance, TFA in nM concentrations has been shown to interfere with cellular assays, inhibiting cellular proliferation in some instances, and increasing cell viability in others . It has also been found to be an unintended allosteric modulator of the glycine receptor, GlyR.

    TFA Removal Service is recommended for:

    • Peptides that will be used in cellular assays
    • Peptides that will be used as APIs or in manufactured products
    • For hydrophilic peptides containing numerous basic residues

Peptide Services: NovoPro's peptide synthesis services include standard chemical peptide synthesis, peptide modification, peptide libraries, and recombinant peptide expression.

Standard Peptide Synthesis: NovoPro offers quality peptides at the most competitive prices in the industry, starting at $3.20 per amino acid. NovoPro provides PepBox – Automatic Quote Tool for online price calculation.

Peptide Modifications: NovoPro offers a wide range of peptide modification services including isotope labeling (2H, 15N, and 13C), multiple disulfide bonds, multiple phosphorylations, KLH, BSA, ovalbumin, amidation, acetylation, biotin, FITC, etc.